In this section you will find treaties and other international legal instruments that protect Indigenous Peoples in Isolation and Initial Contact.
Regulations to protect PIACI
As part of our work, we compiled the different regulations providing for the protection and defense of Indigenous Peoples in Voluntary Isolation and Initial Contact.
At the international level, we compiled the different comments, reports, recommendations and jurisprudence from the different United Nations (UN) organizations and from the Inter-American Human Rights System, which is part of the Organization of American States (OAS).
At the national level, the different resolutions, regulations, decrees and laws of five of the eight countries with a PIACI presence in South America (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru) were compiled, since the remaining three (Paraguay, Suriname and Venezuela) lack specific regulations for PIACI.
The documents in this section are only available in Spanish, except for the Brazilian regulations, which are available in Portuguese.
ORGANIZATIONS OF THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION (UN)
1. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
Protection guidelines for indigenous peoples in isolation and in initial contact in the Amazon region, the Gran Chaco and the eastern region of Paraguay. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2012.
3. Human Rights Council
3.1 Universal Periodic Review.
3.2 Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
3.3 Special Procedures
3.3.1 Office of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of Indigenous Peoples.
188.8.131.52 Country visit reports.
184.108.40.206 Thematic reports.
220.127.116.11 Communications and public announcements.
3.3.2 Office of the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief.
3.3.3 Working group on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other companies.
4. Treaty Committees
General Comments (The Treaty Committees have not specifically referred to the PIACIs in their Observations or General Comments).
5. Permanent Forum for Indigenous Issues
Reports of sessions from 2005 to 2010.
INTER-AMERICAN SYSTEM FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES -OEA
1. OAS General Assembly
1.1 American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2016): Article XXVI.
2. Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
2.1 Precautionary Measures of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.
2.1.1 MC 754-20 Guajajara and Awá Indigenous Peoples of the Araribóia Indigenous Land, Brazil.
2.1.2 MC 54-13 Communities in Voluntary Isolation of the Totobiegosode Ayoreo People, Paraguay.
3.3.3 MC 382-10 Indigenous Communities of the Xingu River Basin, Pará, Brazil.
2.1.4 MC 91-06 Tagaeri and Taromenani Indigenous Peoples of Ecuador.
2.1.5 MC 262-05 Indigenous Peoples in Voluntary Isolation of Mashco Piro, Yora and Amahuaca of Peru.
2.2 Reports of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.
2.2.1 Indigenous Peoples in Isolation and Initial Contact in the Americas.
2.2.2 Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in the Panamazonia.
1 Art. 31 of the Political Constitution of the Plurinational State of Bolivia.
2 Law 450/2013 for the Protection of Indigenous Indigenous Nations and Peoples in Situation of High Vulnerability.
1 Portaria Ordinance No. 290 / Pres / FUNAI of 04/20/2000.
2 Portaria Ordinance No. 666 / Pres / FUNAI of 07/17/2017.
3 Decree No. 9,010, of March 23, 2017 - FUNAI Statute.
4 Joint Portaria Ordinance (Ministry of Health and FUNAI) No. 4,094, of 12/20/2018.
5 Law No. 6001 of December 19, 1973.
6 Decree No. 1775 of January 8, 1996.
1 Executive Decree No. 1232 of July 2018.
2 Decree 2333 of November 19, 2014.
3 Decree Law of Victims No. 4633 of 2011.
1 Art. 57 of the Political Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador.
2 Interministerial Agreement No. 120 On the Code of Conduct to be observed by companies with hydrocarbon activities adjacent to intangible areas.
3 Protocols and Guidelines of conduct for situations of contact with Indigenous Peoples in Voluntary Isolation.
There are no regulations.
1 Law No. 28736 of 2006: Law for the Protection of Indigenous or Native Peoples in a Situation of Isolation and in a Situation of Initial Contact.
2 Regulation of Law No. 28736 Specific Mechanisms for the Protection of PIACI.
3 Legislative Decree No. 1374 of August 2018 on the Penalty Regime for Breach of the Provisions of Law No. 28736.
4 Standard and Technical Guidelines on Health of Indigenous People in Isolation and Initial Contact (MS / INS-2007).